THERE IS NO “PERMANENT NECESSITY” FOR THINGS TO BE THIS WAY A RADICALLY DIFFERENT AND BETTER WORLD CAN BE BROUGHT INTO BEING THROUGH REVOLUTION
*During this “election season,” the title of this article keeps coming to mind.
Reposted from Revolution #194, March 7, 2010
Editors’ Note: The following are points made by Bob Avakian, Chairman of the Revolutionary Communist Party, USA, in a recent exchange with other comrades. This has been edited for publication here.
One of the more important statements in the Manifesto from our Party (Communism: The Beginning of a New Stage) is the quote from Marx: “Once the inner connection is grasped, all theoretical belief in the permanent necessity of existing conditions breaks down before their collapse in practice.” This is not just a matter of abstract theory—it has a broader effect. That belief weighs heavily on people who don’t like the way things are—they are weighed down by a belief in the “permanent necessity of existing conditions.” Over and over we are confronted by the fact that people can’t see beyond the way things are now.
This has to do with the importance of constantly wrangling with what a revolutionary situation would look like and how a revolution could actually be made. There is a point in “Out Into the World—As A Vanguard of the Future” on grappling with what a revolutionary situation would look like.1 We need to give people a really living sense of what we mean by “hastening while awaiting” the emergence of a revolutionary situation. And this is linked to the point that what we’re doing is building a movement for revolution and letting people know what we think that revolution would look like.
This question of belief in the permanent necessity of existing conditions—and the inability to see beyond those conditions—came up with World Can’t Wait when people would ask: “What good would it do to drive out the Bush Regime?” Well, think of the pyramid dynamic2 in that light: what would the Democrats have had to do if there were a million people demanding “Drive out the Bush Regime”? If there were millions even today insisting in the streets that the Democrats not “bow down” to what is represented by the Republicans, even that would change the dynamic; the Democrats would have to make tactical adjustments to deal with this, and the adjustments would create more necessity and more freedom for the revolutionaries to deal with. We have to break people out of the belief in the permanent necessity of existing conditions.
This has to do with the idea of putting out a constitution for the future socialist state.3 It has to do with the Raymond Lotta speech.4 We are precisely taking on, in many different dimensions, this belief in the permanent necessity of the existing conditions. This also happens with initiatives among the proletariat and other basic people that project an alternate authority while challenging illegitimate and abusive actions of the current authority. And so is what we’re doing with the woman question, and morality and culture—because what we’re doing with popularizing and actually creating a movement where people live our morality is nothing less than projecting an alternate authority in the realm of ideology. All of these initiatives are saying that the world does not have to be this way; they are all different avenues of bringing people to grapple with the reality that the world really does NOT have to be this way.
We ARE Building a Movement for Revolution
A big part of transforming the people is, yes, a different consciousness and morality, but also people seeing the breakdown in their own understanding of the “permanent necessity of existing conditions” and the possibility of a whole different thing. This is related again to how we talk to people: we ARE BUILDING a movement for revolution—not asking them: “Would it be a good idea to have a revolution?”—after which they give all the reasons why it wouldn’t, or why we can’t, and that sets the tone and conditions for what follows. No, we don’t ignore those questions—we talk with people about them, but by saying, “okay, those are points and we have thought about them and have answers we can get into—but we ARE BUILDING a movement for revolution and this is what that revolution will look like, and this is how everything we are doing is contributing to this revolution.”
That Marx statement is very profound—and not just for the intellectuals. Just because “all theoretical belief” is used, we could make the mistake of thinking it only applies to people who grapple with high levels of theory. But in today’s world, this belief (that the world cannot be fundamentally changed) has “filtered down” and is one of the main things that weighs on people. So this is a thread that has to come through much more in terms of this campaign that we’re waging this year to really change the whole trajectory of things, now, very radically, focused on the message and call issued by our Party, “The Revolution We Need…The Leadership We Have.”5 It is nowhere near the case that the basic spirit, substance and sense of what Marx is getting at there guides what we’re doing now. And this is one of the biggest weights on people. There are ways in practice as well as theory that we have to begin to break down the belief in this “permanent necessity,” as well as battling over whose morality is attracting people.
This has everything to do with the “hastening while awaiting” point. If you conceive of revolution as someday the world is somehow going to be radically different and at that point we will do something to radically change it…no, that won’t happen—but that’s not what we’re doing. We have to elevate our sights and lead consistently with the understanding that the world does NOT have to be this way, and we ARE building a movement for revolution. This is not put forward, at least not in any consistent and compelling way, to the advanced around us at this point—whose number is still too small—this is not what’s coming through to them. The whole thing about “revolution is real”—revolution made palpable—this is bound up with everything I’m talking about here. Actually building a movement for revolution and bringing that to the fore.
What follows that quote from Marx is that he brought to light not only the inner connections of capitalism itself, but its inner connection with other systems and showed on that basis that there was no necessity for capitalism or any other systems of exploitation. He showed that this is an historically evolved system. Marx made the point that bourgeois theorists will talk about all kinds of changes in capitalist relations, but always with the assumption that those relations are the highest and final end point of human development. But it’s not the only way, especially in today’s world, to do things—there’s a much better way. This is the point that’s made in the “Revolution” speech on the DVD, about how we can do all this complicated production without the imperialists, and do it better.6
But everything you say gets filtered through the existing production relations and superstructure that arises on this economic base. Look at the experience of the person who wrote the newspaper on the “Imagine” section of the talk on revolution: because they didn’t first see it in the context of the whole speech, they understood it as just another “politician’s promise.” Then they saw the whole speech all the way through, and it clicked in a whole different way with them.7
All this has everything to do with whether we’re building a movement for revolution and a radically different society, or whether we’re just puttering around. We’re not going to get there if this orientation doesn’t infuse and inform everything we’re doing. Then you get the phenomenon where people newly coming into this run into opposition and fall away, and while there are problems with our comrades taking an “all-or-nothing” approach with such people, this point I’m making here is even more essential.8 In fact the actual breakdown of the existing system is impossible in practice if it has not been done first in theory, that is to say, in the understanding of many people. This has to much more consistently come through, in everything we do—not just in speeches or articles, but in the whole ensemble of the work we do, this is what we should bring forward to people: There IS NO permanent necessity for the existing conditions.
There will never be an attempt at revolution, a real attempt, if you are not constantly grappling with what that might look like when, with the necessary qualitative changes and leaps in the objective situation, what is talked about in “On the Possibility”9 would be real. You cannot transform things through this capitalist economic base in a progressive way; if you want to “get beyond General Motors” you will have to do away with the existing state power. I’m not saying we should give a speech to this effect all the time, but this should infuse and guide what we’re doing, and what we bring to people.
Then, when you do have a significant core that no longer believes in the permanent necessity of these conditions, they can do much better in going back and forth with broader masses. They can make clear to people who do come forward that, yes, you will get a lot of opposition out there, but that’s just because there’s a superstructure (there is a whole apparatus for “molding public opinion” and shaping “popular culture”) which influences people to think that there’s no other way to live than this—and in actual fact that’s just not the case.
This is what it means to build a movement FOR REVOLUTION. Yes, fight the power, but this is the “for revolution” part.10 We should be going to people like I said: “We are building this movement for revolution and you should be part of this, but we’re not having a poll as to whether people think it’s possible…we have plenty to say about that…but we are in the meantime building this.”
Emancipators of Humanity
What is the actual new synthesis?11 The heart of it is solid core and elasticity. At a talk I gave, years ago now, someone asked: “How would you do better than the Soviet Union or China under Mao?” One of the things I said to him is: “I don’t believe in tailing people because they’re oppressed—we need emancipators of humanity.” When you are in a qualitatively different situation than what we have now—when the present system has been swept aside and the new, socialist system has been brought into being—there would have to be an army, as the backbone of an actual state, that enforces the new system, and that army would be made up of very basic people in large part. But we have to train them to understand that, as part of that, they are going to have to be out there protecting the rights of people who oppose this new system, and they are going to have to defend the right of these people to raise this opposition, while at the same time they would also have to stop people who really are making attempts to smash the state power we have. I said that this will be a struggle with masses, but we have to bring forward on every level people who have this kind of understanding of what we’re doing. The Constitution of the new, socialist system is going to enumerate the rights of people, and this state apparatus is going to protect people’s rights who don’t agree, so long as they don’t actively and concretely organize to overthrow that state apparatus. That is where the Lenin point comes in: As long as there are classes, one class is going to dictate, and “better me than you”—that is, better the dictatorship of the proletariat than the dictatorship of the bourgeoisie (capitalist class).
But what is that dictatorship of the proletariat? BOTH aspects of this are important—solid core and elasticity. There would not be a General Motors in socialist society, and there would also not be an FBI or an LAPD. Those kinds of institutions would be abolished and—unless they agreed to abolish themselves voluntarily—they would have to be forcefully abolished under a future dictatorship of the proletariat. Maybe they would be given 24 hours to disband!…but disbanded they would have to be. There would be revolutionary institutions in place of those old, oppressive and reactionary institutions…and, yes, that is what we’re building for—aiming for the time when there is a qualitative change in the objective situation, when a revolutionary situation and a revolutionary people in the millions and millions have been brought into being. And when that revolution is made, when a new, revolutionary state power is brought into being, there would not just be a new army, but that new army would be guided by very different principles. There would be a culture in that army, but it definitely would not be (as in the hymn of the imperialist Marine Corps): “From the halls of Montezuma to the shores of Tripoli”—that’s just not going to be what guides the new state apparatus! No more General Motors and no more Marines. The principles we’re talking about here, and the reason we’re going out to win people to be emancipators of humanity, is that they’re going to be the actual backbone of the new state.
This has everything to do with the “permanent necessity” point. It has to do with “human nature,” and the fact that, just as there is no “permanent necessity” for the existing conditions, there is also no “unchanging and unchangeable human nature.”
People say: “You mean to tell me that these youth running around selling drugs and killing each other, and caught up in all kinds of other stuff, can be a backbone of this revolutionary state power in the future?” Yes—but not as they are now, and not without struggle. They weren’t always selling drugs and killing each other, and the rest of it—and they don’t have to be into all that in the future. Ask yourself: how does it happen that you go from beautiful children to supposedly “irredeemable monsters” in a few years? It’s because of the system, and what it does to people—not because of “unchanging and unchangeable human nature.”
We’re talking about a whole different and better way that we can bring into being…if we win.
Yes, we are talking about conditions that don’t yet exist now, and our enemies can intentionally take things out of context and misconstrue it. So we had better learn how to talk about this well, because people do need to grapple with the possibility of these future conditions as part of having this vision out there. Let’s inspire people—let’s have a lot of expressions of a radically different culture, and let’s write some new hymns for people—ones with a radically different message than that of a marauding, murderous, invading and occupying imperialist force—”From the halls of Montezuma to the shores of Tripoli”…NO. How are people being led and inspired to live and to die? We have to say to those who want a new world but who don’t want—or don’t understand the need for—the whole thing of fostering and protecting and listening to dissent: “If you want a new world where children are not killed by police and where all these other outrages don’t happen, then we have to be down for this whole thing. We should not want these outrages to happen to any group of people. Our aim should be a radically different world, where all that has been buried in the past.”
1. This refers to the following passage from “Out Into the World—As a Vanguard of the Future,” a talk by Bob Avakian in 2008:
"Next, I want to turn to what could be called: more on—more work to be done on—a revolutionary situation (with its various components), particularly in a country like this. What I’m getting at here is the importance of continually wrangling with the questions: What would such a revolutionary situation actually look like? What could it emerge out of? What factors could come together to establish the necessary basis for such a revolutionary situation?
"It is very important to be continually returning to and wrangling with such questions. At the same time, it is also important to emphasize that this must not be approached in an idealist fashion—conjuring up a scenario and then seeking to impose this, in an apriorist manner, on reality. Rather, it is a matter and a need of constantly probing, digging beneath the surface to identify trends and forces, within a particular country and in the overall world situation, that could become part of, or contribute to, the ‘mix’ of a revolutionary situation; and it is important to do that in advance not only of the actual emergence of a revolutionary situation, but well before the specific features of that situation become immediately and obviously apparent. Well before that, and repeatedly, it is necessary to be grappling, in the realm of strategic conception once again, with both the objective and subjective aspects of such a revolutionary situation: with how objective factors could conceivably come together to provide the objective elements of a revolutionary situation and what position would the vanguard of the revolution have to be in, in terms of its influence as well as its organized ties with different sections of the masses, in order to seize on such a situation—and what the vanguard would have to do in such a situation to bring about its full ripening and to then lead people, in their millions, to wage the actual struggle for the seizure of power. This is another expression of theory, or strategic conception, ‘running ahead’ of practice. But, at the same time, it would be necessary and important to keep in mind and maintain the recognition of a decisive principle that Lenin stressed—that, in the event itself, life is much richer than its anticipation in conception and, in this sense, as Lenin emphasized, theory is gray while the tree of life is green—and accordingly, as real-life contradictions continue to unfold—including through the role of accident and contingency, in dialectical relation with necessity and causality—it is necessary to be continually returning to and grappling anew with the conception of what a revolutionary situation would look like and what demands its development would place on the subjective factor (the vanguard party).
"It is not idle speculation—nor, again, idealist apriorism—that is being called for, but a continual wrangling with what, after all, we are trying to get to, in terms of the first great leap, getting over the first great hump, and how that informs and influences what we are doing now, even while our work in this period is qualitatively different than the work revolutionaries would be doing once a revolutionary situation actually emerged. This is another way of saying: what is the living link here?—in this case particularly on the level of strategic conception and its relation to practice at any given time.
"And it can also be emphasized, and must be emphasized, that not to grapple with this, in the way I’ve been speaking of this here, is another form of tailing spontaneity and will lead in the direction of ‘gradualism’—or, to put it simply, revisionism—and of accommodation and capitulation to the world the way it is, as it’s dominated and ruled by imperialism and reactionary classes.” [back]
2. For a discussion of the pyramid dynamic, see Bob Avakian’s most recent talk, “Unresolved Contradictions, Driving Forces for Revolution" at revcom.us/avakian/driving—in particular, the section "The Continuing Relevance and Importance of the ‘Pyramid Analysis’" under "I. Once More on the Coming Civil War…and Repolarization for Revolution.” [back]
3. Bob Avakian has recently raised the idea, among Party leadership, of having some comrades in the Party write a constitution of a future socialist state, as a way to give substance and life to how the new synthesis would apply to actually governing a society that would be both a radically new system itself and at the same time a society in transition to communism. [back]
4. This refers to Raymond Lotta’s speech “Everything You’ve Been Told About Communism Is Wrong—Capitalism Is a Failure, Revolution Is the Solution!” given on college campuses in 2009-2010. [back]
5. See Revolution, #170, July 19, 2009, for this message and call. That issue also contains an editorial laying out the campaign’s aims:
"First, we intend to really put revolution out there in this society, so that millions of people here and around the world come to know about THIS revolution.
"Second, we intend to make Bob Avakian, the Chairman of our Party and leader of the revolution, a ‘household word’—someone known throughout society, with growing numbers checking out, getting into and supporting his work, his thinking and his leadership.
"And third, as laid out in Chairman Avakian’s recent talk Ruminations and Wranglings, we aim to draw forward a core of ‘people who see it as their mission, and are guided by the Party’s vision and line, to go out and actually fight for this line, win people to it, organize them into the revolutionary movement and struggle for them to become communists and then to join the Party once they’ve made that leap to being communists.’” [back]
6. This refers to a passage in the speech Revolution: Why It’s Necessary, Why It’s Possible, What It’s All About, where Bob Avakian states: “Capitalism, especially now that it has reached the stage of imperialism, controls, dominates, manipulates and mangles the lives of people all over the world. Many times you hear these imperialists and their mouthpieces say things like this, ‘well you say we’re exploiting people. But without us there’d be no jobs.’ They come out with this especially when it comes to light that they are paying people something like a few cents an hour in countries all over the Third World. No. The truth is, without these imperialists, there would still be people capable of working, people capable of planning and running an economy. There would still be natural resources and potential wealth for the people in those countries, when they take control over their societies and remake them in a radical way through revolution. But then, what there would be, is no capital, no capitalism, no imperialism, exploiting and robbing the people and plundering their countries. And the masses of people everywhere in the world would be much better off. You cannot make this system into something else than what it is. So long as it rules, so long as it is in effect, everything that it does, all the ways it makes people suffer all over the world, will continue and will only get worse. Because that’s the only way this system can operate.” [back]
7. The reference here is to a letter from a reader published in Revolution #190, “The Revolution Talk: ‘A Precious, Rare, and Enormous Tool.’” [back]
8. The “all-or-nothing” approach being criticized here is one that demands a high level of activity and commitment from anyone who shows interest in revolution, communism and the Party, rather than finding the ways for people to check things out and participate at a level corresponding to their actual understanding of the world and their sense of how to change this at any given time, “giving them air to breathe” and room to learn through their own experience, while at the same time struggling with them over these questions—struggle which is carried out in a living, non-dogmatic way, encompassing both learning and leading. [back]
9. The reference here is to “On the Possibility of Revolution,” which originally appeared in Revolution #102 and is included in the Revolution pamphlet Revolution and Communism: A Foundation and Strategic Orientation (May 1, 2008), pp. 80-89. [back]
10. The formulation “Fight the Power, and Transform the People, for Revolution” embodies a basic part of the Party’s strategic approach for building a revolutionary movement. For a discussion of this formulation, see Bob Avakian’s talk “Making Revolution and Emancipating Humanity,” in particular “Part 2: Everything We’re Doing Is About Revolution.” [back]
11. Substantive discussions of the new synthesis can be found in “Re-envisioning Revolution and Communism: WHAT IS BOB AVAKIAN’S NEW SYNTHESIS?" (a talk given in spring 2008 and available online at revcom.us) and in a section from Bob Avakian’s talk "Making Revolution and Emancipating Humanity,” which can be found in PDF format at revcom.us/i/188/188new_synthesis-en.pdf. Go to revcom.us for more works by Bob Avakian. [back]